The Antonia Fortress

The Antonia Fortress
The Antonia Fortress, looking east with the Temple mount just in view of the right.

There are two major theories concerning the Antonia Fortress - one that it was quite large and the other that it was significantly smaller. Both place it, although there are other marginal opinions, at the northwest corner of the Temple Mount - the beginning of the traditional Via Dolorosa and the place where Jesus was imprisoned and tried.
Originally constructed - it is thought - by Antiochus Epiphanes IV in order to control from a vantage point the activities of the Jews on the Temple Mount, it was expanded by the Hasmoneans and then lastly significantly reconstructed by Herod the Great.

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